Need for an Independent Forensic Science Lab in India
Justice system in India is currently facing complex problems leading to abnormal delays in its administration, nearly 30 million cases are pending in the Indian courts. A common man therefore feels hesitant to approach the Police Stations or Law Courts for upholding the Rule of Law as and when they fall victims of crime or injustice.
Forensic Science is the application of science to law. Forensic Science aids in the delivery of Justice by eliciting truth by scientific evaluation of physical evidence usually encountered in many civil, criminal, regulatory and statutory cases.
The importance of Forensic Science is yet to catch on in the country. Considering that over three million cases are pending in just the Indian High courts, any attempt that facilitates the speedy disbursal of justice is more than welcome.
India has 25 State and 4 Central Government Forensic Science Laboratories.
3 GEQD labs under Central Government and 6 SEQD labs under State Governments.
CFPB under Central Government and 25 State FP Bureaus.
Individuals cannot approach the forensic science laboratories to resolve their internal, personal or family matters – unless they approach the police in criminal cases or courts in civil cases.
In India, both in State and Central Forensic Science Laboratories put together, there are
90 Handwriting experts
900 Fingerprint experts
9 Lie-detector experts
25 DNA experts
300 Medico-legal experts
8 Failure Analysis experts
3,000 Forensic Scientists in other specialties
Altogether about 5,000 forensic experts including forensic medical doctors.
There is a huge gap between the forensic facilities available and the demand for such services to handle cases promptly and efficiently.
Police, courts and other public sector bodies like banks, financial institutions who have to depend upon forensic services shall have to wait for the reports from Government Forensic Science Laboratories for several months to a few years.
Currently, the assistance of Government Forensic Labs is sought only by the police or the courts. Hence, those who would prefer not choosing the judicial route are at a dead end. Individuals and Institutions desirous of settling their family matters or internal disputes within their families or companies cannot approach forensic laboratories. This is especially relevant in the cases of corporate fraud, computer fraud, document frauds, identity theft, child paternity disputes, etc. where the parties involved prefer to keep the matter confidential for fear of loss of their social reputation and public image.
The presence of a private lab would increase competition in this field and ensure that the best would survive which translates into not only quality services with unbiased accurate opinions but quick quality services with dependable opinions.
For the first time in India Forensic Services are available in an institutional setting under one roof in a comprehensive manner, to cater to the requirements of most of these discerning and demanding clients to deal with a wide variety of problems.